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Have you got a floor in your home that measures 10'10" by 13'4"? A Sultanabad carpet from Central Persia of approximately that size sells for only $44,813.

Persian carpets originated in Iran and have been created for more than 2,500 years. Some of the most beautiful are classified as works of art and, in terms of beauty, rank right up there with paintings by the masters. Originally, these carpets were fashioned to fulfill a basic need; they were used as simple floor coverings to protect homes' occupants from the cold, damp ground. Eventually, kings and noblemen recognized the artistry of these rugs, and they became signs of wealth.

The history of the Persian carpet goes back even farther than that, however. At one time, carpet weaving was also a form of writing for illiterate tribesmen; through their designs, they recorded the ups and downs and histories of their lives. Eventually, such rugs came to be used as prayer mats by Muslim believers.



Carpet weavers handed down their skills to their children, and through the generations, these skills evolved into closely guarded family secrets. Creating a carpet was an arduous task; even with multiple weavers at work, it could take months. Wool (the basic material used for a carpet) was harvested from herds of sheep, and cotton was used for the warp and weft of the carpet. In cold mountain climates, wool was finer and had longer fibers than wool from sheep living in warmer climates.

A family's wealth was often invested in Persian carpets, which have been referred to as Iranians' stocks and shares. Many are kept by affluent investors. Today, Iran produces more carpets than all the other carpet-making centers of the world combined.

Persian rugs that originate in the province of Arak are called Sarouk rugs—Sarouk being the name of a village. The term "Sarouk rugs" generally refers to the best grade of Arak rugs. Trade names for these rugs include Feraghan, Feraghan Sarouk, Mahal, Mohajaran Sarouk, Mushkabad—now called Mahal—and Viss.

Sultanabad is the former name of the province of Arak. In the world of carpet classification, Sultanabad carpets are generally low-quality Sarouk rugs. Just imagine how much a high-quality rug would cost.
On the net:Bonhams Auction House
www.bonhams.com

The Persian Carpet Gallery
www.persia.org/Images/Persian_Carpet/carpet_history.html

Sarouk Rug
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sarouk_Rug If this article has helped you in some way, will you say thanks by sharing it through a share, like, a link, or an email to someone you think would appreciate the reference.

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 Persian  works of art  generations  Iran  painters


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